Vienna heads the list drawn up by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), the research and analysis group of the English weekly The Economist. Caracas is among the worst.

For the second year running, Vienna was once again distinguished as the most pleasant city in the world to live in, according to a ranking published on Wednesday.

The Austrian capital consolidates at the top of this list, made by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), the research and analysis group of the English weekly The Economist, after last year becoming the first European city to achieve it.

Its infrastructures, air quality, its cultural, educational and medical offer are close to perfection, in a context of enviable stability, according to the authors.

For the second consecutive year, the Austrian capital obtained a result of 99.1 points, ahead of Melbourne (98.4), which was the first in the list of winners for years, and Sydney (98.1).

Australia and Canada dominate the top 10, with three cities each. Japan is also present, with Tokyo and Osaka. Copenhagen, Europe’s second city, is ranked ninth in the world. The report points out that Paris loses six places (25th), due to the impact of the “yellow vests” movement.

Each year, 140 cities are evaluated on a scale of 100 points according to a series of indicators: standard of living, crime, transport, access to education and medicine, economic and political stability.

For the first time, the index includes a parameter that takes into account the effects of climate change on the quality of life. In this sense, New Delhi and Cairo were sanctioned for “poor air quality, discouraging average temperatures and insufficient water supply”.

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“We believe that problems related to climate change will put increasing pressure on the habitability of cities,” said Agathe Demarais of the EIU.

Although several cities in emerging countries have climbed in recent years, thanks to greater stability and a better education and medical system, these advances have been “seriously threatened by an increasingly unfavorable climate,” he added.

London and New York, marked by a significant risk of crime and terrorism and with their infrastructure overloaded, rank 48th and 58th respectively. At the other end of the list are less welcoming cities such as Damascus, Tripoli and Karachi.

Here is a list of the 10 most livable and least livable:

The most livable of 2019

1. Vienna, Austria

2. Melbourne, Australia

3. Sydney, Australia

4. Osaka, Japan

5. Calgary, Canada

6. Vancouver, Canada

7. Toronto, Canada

7. Tokyo, Japan

9. Copenhagen, Denmark

10. Adelaide, Australia

The least livable of 2019

1. Damascus, Syria

2. Lagos, Nigeria

3. Dhaka, Bangladesh

4. Tripoli, Libya

5. Karachi, Pakistan

6. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

7. Harare, Zimbabwe

8. Douala, Cameroon

9. Algiers, Algeria

10. Caracas, Venezuela