If there is a very common disease that affects mainly our stomach, gastritis is considered one of the most common, and can be acute when it arises and is presented in a rather short period of time, or chronic if it is prolonged for at least 6 months.
It basically consists of the inflammation of the stomach lining; that is, the gastric mucosa, which is the layer formed by different cells that lines the inside of the stomach, and which protects it from the acidity of the different gastric juices.
This inflammation causes, among other symptoms, pain (usually located in the upper part of the stomach), and on many occasions may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
Because of this, it is very common for a person with gastritis to feel unappetizing and have little desire to eat, especially if they are afraid of how they might feel after eating, since it is common for symptoms associated with gastritis to appear shortly after eating something.
However, we must differentiate gastritis itself from nervous gastritis, which is that inflammation of the stomach lining caused by nerves (especially stress and/or anxiety). However, among the most common causes of gastritis we can mention: bad eating habits, infection by Helicobacter Pylori and the abuse of certain medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
What foods to avoid with gastritis?
If you suffer from gastritis, one of the main recommendations to take into account is to follow an adequate diet, which should be based on soft foods that do not irritate or inflame the stomach. Broccoli is a common food to avoid with gastritis
For example, there are a number of foods that we should avoid when we have this digestive condition, as well as certain habits when consuming them. The most common are the following:
Fatty dairy: Fatty dairy products, such as whole milk, cured cheeses and cream, should be avoided. Flatulent vegetables: Cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, cucumber, Brussels sprouts, artichokes and peppers stand out. Acidic foods: Mainly tomatoes. Fruits: Avoid citrus fruits (because of their high acidity), as well as fruits that have not matured completely. Fatty meats and sausages: Avoid any type of fatty and red meat, such as beef or veal. Sausages and cold cuts should also be avoided. Pastries and cakes: The consumption of any type of pastries and cakes should be avoided. Cookies are also not suitable. Drinks: Carbonated drinks, coffee, tea or cola drinks.
What foods can we eat when we have gastritis?
In addition to avoiding the foods and drinks that we have indicated in the previous section, there are a series of foods that are suitable.
Furthermore, you will find below some foods whose group would have been named previously, but which depending on the type of cooking chosen could be accepted. They are the following:
Semi-skimmed or skimmed milk: It is advisable to opt for semi-skimmed or skimmed milk, fresh cheese and skimmed yoghurts. Vegetables: Any type of vegetable, avoiding flatulence. It is also advisable to always cook them boiled, and never eat them raw. Legumes: It is always advisable to opt for gentle cooking of the vegetables, and to pass them through the potato masher in order to remove the skin, which is the one with the highest fibre content. Meat and eggs: It is advisable to opt for white meat (such as chicken or turkey), in addition to eggs. Although sausages are not recommended because they are not healthy, turkey breast and sweet ham can be consumed. Fish: Depending on your tolerance, white fish is also recommended. Fruits: Ripe fruit is recommended, in the form of compotes (cooked) or in the oven. The apple or the pear, for example, are highly recommended. Drinks: Water, infusions based on mild medicinal plants (such as camomile, fennel, lemon verbena or lemon balm), and mild degreased broths are recommended.
Other useful tips to keep in mind
In addition to the dietary advice given above, there are also some recommendations that can be very useful. For example, it is not advisable to eat copious meals, but to eat 4 or 5 times a day (that is, in a fractioned or spaced way).
We should eat slowly and chew our food well, which will help our stomach digest it better and not cause us discomfort. On the other hand, it is not advisable to have dinner and go to bed immediately. On the contrary, it is advisable to have dinner between 2 and 3 hours before going to bed.
This article is published for information purposes only. It cannot and should not substitute for consultation with a Nutritionist. We advise you to consult your trusted Nutritionist.