Psychology addresses the complexity of the human being, his behavior and his mental processes.
Among the different facets of study of this science, are the so-called psychological phenomena. What are the most common psychological phenomena? In this article we will find out.
10 psychological phenomena that deserve to be explained
Our brain works in a somewhat surprising way, sometimes. We have compiled ten psychological phenomena that maybe you did not know and that you may be interested in knowing.
1. Cognitive Dissonance
It means that when we have two contradictory thoughts or beliefs, or we make decisions and behave differently than we think, we will feel bad or we will have anxiety or discomfort. When we become aware of such discomfort or tension, people unconsciously tend to regain balance to reduce dissonance. Then, we can behave or argue in favor of the decision we have made, to give us peace of mind and convince ourselves that we have done well.
Let’s take an example: a soldier must go to war but thinks that it is not right to kill another human being. If you have killed someone, you can argue that you have done it to defend the homeland. Another example is the smoker who knows that smoking hurts him and increases his chances of getting cancer and other diseases. Advertising and campaigns banning smoking in public places increase internal tension and contradiction. We know that smoking kills, but we prefer to deny it. There are people who would say: “you have to die of something”, “the doctor told me that my lungs are impeccable”, “I control it”, etc., and thus we reduce the tension.
2. Hallucinations are common
One third of people report experiencing hallucinations at some point in their life. Similarly, ordinary people often have paranoid thoughts. The brain works like this to fill in the lack of information. The problem is when that happens very often, because it can be an alarm for problems in certain regions of the brain. It is known that when schizophrenics have hallucinations, it is because the region that would be responsible for sending the message is actually activated. The sound, the images or the smells that they perceive, really exist for them, even though there is no stimulus that triggers them.
3. The Placebo effect
It happens when the subject believes that a drug or medication has an effect on him, even if said effect has no physiological basis. Examples of placebo are many drugstore “magic and miraculous effects” products, energy bracelets, and so on.
Researchers have found some curiosities such as:
- The bigger the pills, the more they heal
- Two pills cure more than one
- The blue ones heal more than the red ones
- Placebos in pills heal more than certain pills
- Injections heal more than pills
- There are also placebo tests: X-rays, scans …
4. Obedience to authority
Numerous studies show how people in power can control our behaviors and lead us to do things we do not want to do. In Stanley Milgram’s famous study, 63% of participants continued to shock another human being just because someone in authority told them to do so.
5. Choices Mediated by Emotions
We are not very good at either making decisions or understanding why we make those choices. As the scientific communicator says Eduard Punset, “We have been taught to be very logical and reasonable in making decisions, but it turns out that there is not a single reasonable decision that is not tainted by an emotion. There is no project that does not start with an emotion. And there is not a project that does not end with an emotion ”.
Also, when we make a decision, even if the decision is not a good one, we have a tendency to rationalize why that decision is the best option. Emotional Marketing is responsible for gathering this knowledge and applying it to seduce our emotions and make us buy a specific product.
6. Fantasizing reduces motivation
Thinking that we have already been successful in the past can reduce our motivation. In addition, we could take as valid the argument according to which thinking about success inevitably leads us to create the conditions for it to happen, but in reality this is rather counterproductive.
7. Brainstorming doesn’t work
As the studies by B. Nijstad (2006) demonstrated, group thinking reduces the power of brainstorming, because in a group, people are lazier and care more about what others think. Better to think only when it comes to brainstorming.
8. We should not suppress thoughts
By stopping thoughts you actually get to think about them even more. It is one of the strategies most used by people who suffer from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and most assume that such a tactic has seldom helped them.
9. We can train multitasking
In general, multitasking reduces efficiency because we have to assign different cognitive resources to different tasks simultaneously. But recent studies show that you can learn to multitask. You just have to train.
10. It’s the little things that matter
We think that it is the big events in our life that change us or make us happy, but in reality it is the little things that add up and make us who we are.
Like in The Alchemistto We must be aware that the life path must be valued by itself, in each of its circumstances, regardless of the achievement of the achievements to which we aspire.